Ghana spends more than US$146 million on importing fish yearly. Currently consumption of fish reaches at 100 million tons each year. These productions include fishes from freshwater, farmed and marine sources. Local production meets 40 percent of demand other 60 percent is met by imports.
Ghana spent more than US$277 million on fish importing between 2016 and 2017. Import increased by the decrease of local production. In the coming years, local production is expected to further decline due to pollution and bad fishing practices. On the other hand, fish consumption is expected to increase to 2.5 percent by the end of this year.
According to the Patrick Apoya, Chief Executive Officer of SkyFox Limited – a local firm, fall in fish production increased to 500,000 tonnes per annum for the last 2 or 3 years. Whereas current production of the fish is 480,000 tonnes per annum.
Patrick Apoya in recent years, rate of fish catching in Ghanaian waters has reduced drastically. Government of Ghana needs to place itself self-sufficient in fish production and also to stop importation.
In 2005, government of Ghana started 10-year aquaculture program. Aim of this program was to improve farmed fish production from 5,000 tonnes to 100,000 tonnes.
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