Ghana, the former gold coast, was the richest of West African states because of its control over huge reservoirs of gold. The list for gold enticed Europeans to invade the land.
The first of the European traders to land in were French in 14th century. They built a trade post along coastal city of Elmina.
The locals earned profits by supporting them in gold trade business.
The Ga and Fante people of coastal areas act as the middle man, whereas the States in interior (Akan state), took the opportunity of gaining control over gold trade.
Portuguese arrived in 15th century followed by Danish and Swedish traders. Lastly it was British who encroached the gold coast for gold trade and human trafficking (as slaves).
The British constructed a series of castles and forts (most significant being Elmina castle) along the coastal strips which lend the West African state the name of ‘gold coast’.
In sixteenth century slave trade over took gold trade because of increasing demands on labor from Plantation in Americans.
Around 6 million people were illegally sold to Europe and America in that dark age of slavery.
The locals too benefited from ‘slave industry’ by selling people for guns, money and protection against local rival communities.
For example some locals made agreements with European for protection against Ashanti ‘onslaught’.
It was in 1957 when British had to leave as a result of shear resentment from the locals who gathered under a common banner of CPP under the leadership of Nkrumah.
The gold coast was set free for its new journey as an independent state.
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