You probably have heard that wine is good for lowering blood cholesterol levels, it is because it is rich in the plant compound resveratrol. There are numerous health benefits of resveratrol, some of them include lowering blood cholesterol, improving heart health and lowering blood pressure.
What is resveratrol?
Resveratrol is a plant compound that acts like an antioxidant in the body and provides with different health benefits. It is find in several foods like wine, grapes, peanuts and some berries. It is especially concentrated in the skin and seeds of grapes and berries and so these parts are included in the process of fermentation for making wine, that is why wine is so rich in resveratrol.
It has several health benefits. Most of the research of resveratrol is done on animals and the little research on humans, includes very high doses of resveratrol which is not possible to get from foods so it was done mostly on the supplements below are the results of these studies on the health benefits of taking resveratrol supplements:
Resveratrol can be a promising supplement for controlling blood pressure because of its antioxidant properties. A 2015 review showed that high doses reduce the pressure which is inserted on the arteries walls when hearts beats. It is called as the systolic pressure and is the first reading on the blood pressure measurement, it increases as you age, it is because the arteries stiffen as you grow older.
Investigations show that resveratrol may help reduce the pressure by producing more nitric oxide, however, more research is needed before any recommended dose of resveratrol can be set up for its blood pressure lowering effects.
The supplements of resveratrol have been found to increase the life span of several organisms. It is believed that resveratrol does that by activating several genes that ward off the disease of aging. It works in the same way as calorie restriction does to lengthen the life span.
However, the studies conducted were done on animals that are not related to humans much, therefore it is not fully understood if resveratrol supplements would have lengthening of life span effects humans.
A review of studies found that resveratrol increased the life span of 60% of organisms but they were not related to humans like worms and fish etc.
Different studies have shown that drinking wine can help protect the brain from cognitive decline. It is partly because of the presence of antioxidants in and anti-inflammatory compounds called resveratrol in it.
Resveratrol interfere with the protein fragments called beta—amyloid which are responsible for the causing of the disease. Moreover, resveratrol may cause the chain of events that prevent the brain cells from damage. However, more research is needed to determine how well supplemental resveratrol works on human body in this matter.
Resveratrol has various benefits for diabetes, it increases insulin sensitivity for diabetes and prevent complications. Resveratrol stops this one enzyme that turns glucose into sorbitol, a sugar alcohol. If too much sorbitol builds in people with diabetes, it can cause oxidative stress which is damaging to the cells.
It also protects from diabetes complications by preventing inflammation and reducing oxidative stress and produce AMPK which helps in keeping blood sugar low. It is a kind of protein. Resveratrol seems to have promising effects against diabetes complication
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