Ghana is the country which is full of talented people who are making a successful and proud country. Here specifically we are going to discuss about its music sector.
Due to the mixed geographical area on the African Continent, Ghana got many kinds of conventional and modern music. The most excellent kind of music in Ghana is Highlife. For so many years Highlife was considered as the music genre until beginning of Hiplife and a lot more.
The standard musicology of Ghana is separated among the big country of northern Ghana known as savanna, which is populated by Ghanaians of Gur and Mande speaking factions, and the southern coastal region which is productive and woody, is also populated by Ghanaians speaking Kwa languages such as Akan.
Musical traditions of the north region are related to the Sahelian musical traditions. It is a blend of melodic music on stringed instrument such as Kologo lute and the gonjey swindle, on wind instruments such as flutes, horns and voice with polyrhythm played on chatty drum, gourd drums or bass drums. The practice of Gyil music is also famous mostly in northwestern Ghana in the region of Wa and Lawra. The northern music style is slightly pentatonic and chromatic where as melisma also plays a significant role in tuneful and vocal styles.
Coast music is linked with social meanings, and works by intricate polyrhythmic patterns which are played drums and bells and also by melodic song. Dance and drums are interlinked. The custom of noble talking drums fontomfrom, means music is used for the purpose of communication of the touchable and abstruse topics. The most popular one drum tradition is kete and adowa drum.
In the era of Gold Coast, it was the source of musical syncretism. Its rhythms were especially from ashiko, gombe and guitar-styles which were as mainline and osibisaba. Brass bands of European and sea shanties were joined into a melting pot that turned into high-life.
Ghana got independence in 1957. To some extent Ghana music is related to a Caribbean, but it still keeps the essence of its own. In the mid of 20th century Ghanaian pop was discovered. The high-life includes the components of jazz, rock and soukous. To some extent musicians of Ghana got success in the United States and little bit in the United Kingdom in 1970s.
Sam’s trio was considered as the most powerful of the high-life guitar-bands in 1930s. In 1928 three versions “Yaa Amponsah” were recorded for Zonophone, It was a biggest hit that leftovers a famous staple of various high-life bands. Dance high-life was more famous than guitar band high-life in 1960s.
On the entrance of servicemen from United States and United Kingdom, American jazz and swing became famous and dance highlife was developed between the World War ll. The communist government started cheering folk music, after the independence in 1957. And the most powerful musician of this time was E.T. Mensah. Guy Warren was the bandleader The Tempo, who introduced Caribbean music to Ghana. In 1950s and 1960s, Jerry Hansen and Stan Plange were also leading a powerful dance band.
In the start of 1970s high-life had been surpassed by electric guitar bands and pop-dance music. The soul to soul music festival was held in Accra in 1971. Many renown American musicians participated which include Ike, Wilson Pickett, Tina Turner and Carlos Santana. In 1980s, as Ghanaians moved in a huge amount to UK, so britishers were enjoying a thunder in African music. The faction of international Hi-Life was the most dominant band of that time. The community of Ghanaian German formed a form of high-life known a Burger-highlife. The dominant burger-highlife musician was George Darko. It was tremendously famous in Ghana. Raggae also became too much famous in Ghana in 1980s.
At the end of 1990s, a new cohort of artists introduced Hiplife. Reggie Rockstone was the inventor of this. He was the Ghanaian musician, who experimented with hip hop in the United States. Mainly hiplife was hip hop in the Ghanaian local.
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