There was a time when the economics lonely indicator of development in the world and GNP, per capita income and the trade rate were the measurement tools. Post-war era the era of new approaches scholar came on front and presented their enlighten idea’s. At time the new school of thought has been emerged and criticized the economics as the only indicator of development. According to these scholars social life and economic life go hand in hand and we can’t ignore the importance of societal elements as the indicators of development. The Governor of Washington, Paul Doran, announced the effects of socioeconomics. “The socioeconomic impact is widely known through the classification of international trade treaties.” So when we discuss development we must pay intention to social statues same like economics we do.
Ghana is a under developed country in the western Africa, with the population of 25,758,108, which is ranked 12 in the continent Africa and 13th big African economy with 35.475 $ billions. It blessed with 238,533 km (92,098) which is 17th in all Africa. Ghana was the 1st country in all Africa who got salvation from its British lords; no doubt it is honored for the Ghana’s inhabitants.
Geographic & Flag of Ghana.
Now we are going to highlight some societal and economic conditions prevailing in the Ghana. Societal conditions such as (education, norms values and believes, way of living, costumes, food and diet, culture etc). Economic conditions such as (GDP, GNP, per capita income trade rate etc).
“Education is the key to unlock the golden door of freedom”(George Washington carver).
School going children
Education is the first and most important factor, in the development of the society. But unfortunately the present conditions of education in Ghana not appreciable, as compare with other African countries Ghana endowed with legacy by British’s colonial system. During 1950’s there was in Ghana around about 3000 schools, only 6% had accessed to education. The current conditions of education in Ghana involved first 9 years of basic education free and compulsory in which the education divided between two level primary school level and secondary school level. In the first three years of education the students have to learn about English, the Ghanaian cultural languages and the basic and the general languages. In the secondary school level the education provided about professionalism like polytechnic, training colleges. Women still living the lives of mountains, the education of girls considered being sin; it is big hurdle in development of Ghana. Only 29% of girls have access to the secondary school level of education whereas male ratio is around about 50% too larger than women. Literacy rate of male is 68.46% and female 66.46%.
Law and order/ Peace
Law and order situation of Ghana is much better than other African countries like Nigeria, Zimbabwe. The corruption in the police line is one of the major problems in controlling violence in some areas of Ghana.
Crime rate growing up high in Ghana day by day due to poor law and order situation in Ghana. Between the 1996 to 2000 murder rate increases 2.23 to 2.48, the rap rate on top of history of Ghana with 6.85 which was two years back on 4.04. Burglary luckily decrease from 4.42 to 1,3 due change in the policies and up gradation in the police department. There is lot of laws for stop the crime like criminal law and criminal code. Most of the laws are the cultivations of the British colonial empire.
A photo of Ghanaian Police during parade.
Initially the police force is the invention of British merchant council for trade they made security guards for the protection of their business. In this way British traders were the first who gave the concept of police for the safety of public of Ghana. Roots of police went back in the 1830 when traders hired numerous guards. After the independence of Ghana the regime of Nkrumah made new development in the police department and increased the number of police. The size of police increased with the passage of time. All the rank and file and commissioned officers paid by government against the duties they performed. A person with the age of 18 to 34, passed medical test, must have no criminal record in past can join the police department. There is no much high education is required to be a police soldier only middle school passed man also can be the part of police.
Ghana followed by presidential democratic system in which the president have both end powers, president is the head of state and head of government like U.S.A and elected for four years. Government has been divided into three different branches, the executives, the legislature, and the judiciary. In Ghana multi-party system all the parties have equal right to take part in elections, national alliance of liberals, national convention party, and the national democratic congress are the major parties of Ghana. All the citizens of Ghana have right to choose their lords, the person above the age of 18 without discrimination of sex can cast the vote to his favorite party. Parliament of Ghana is unicameral in nature, its means there is single house in which the all the representation of the public sit and legislate for the state.
Parliament of Ghana
Judiciary is the third pillar of the government which is provides the justice to the people. Supreme Court is the biggest court of the country it not only provide justice to the people but also other legislative tasks like amendment and interpretations of the constitution.
Supreme Court of Ghana.
Administration is divided into 10 regions such as Accra, brong-ahafo, ashanti, central, eastern, northern, upper east, upper west, volta and western.
Culture is simply defined as the sum of costume, values, believes, languages, religion, which is varying one to other in its nature. Culture is most important for every society; we can’t identify people without knowing about their culture. It is an broader concept which include language, religion, traditions, norms and values.
Chart of Different Languages Speaking in Ghana.
More than 250 languages are spoken in Ghana but the English is the official language which is used in all government and private affairs. English also prefer in education system of Ghana. Languages of Ghana are divided into 2 different family’s the Kawa family and the Gur family. Kawa family which is 75% of the population mostly spoken in the south of Ghana includes; Akan, Da-dangme, and Ewe languages. The Gur group includes the Gurma, Gursi, and Dagbani languages. Nine languages have support of government are Akan, Dagaare, Dagbani, Dangme, Ewe, Ga, Gonja, Kasem, and Nazema.
Percentage of Different Religion in Ghana.
Christianity is the largest religion of Ghana; more than 68% of population followed the Christianity. The second major religion is Islam; 16% of population is Muslim. Traditional religion also saved their identity which is around about 9% of the population. Tradition believes vary group to group most of still following their ancestors of thousands years back.
Aboakyer Festival In Gnaha.
Traditionally Ghanaian society divided into 3 categories such as royals, slaves and middle
Class. This socially difference is visible in the Ghanaian society mostly in the cities. Slavery is still practicing in the country but it is not a major part of Ghanaian culture. Polygamy is allowed but mostly practicing by the royals. After the death of the husband, widow has to marry with his brother in law. People of Ghana are most friendly, loving in their nature.
Music and art always remained the most important element in the culture we can’t ignore its importance in the society. People wear fast colored Kent clothes, Kent cloth is worn by people especially on the events and festivals. Handwoven is still a big industry in Ghana, which is worn by both male and female. Story telling also major part of Ghanaian art and culture, most of aged people used to tell their younger ones about the experience of their lives. When we talk about the music of Ghana we will be able to know Ghanaian love their traditions, events, festivals so they like ethical, local music and dance. Most of people used traditional musical instruments like Aburukuwa, Akan drum, talking drum, xylophone etc.
Events and festivals of Ghana
Ghanaian loves their festivals and celebrates them with great zeal. There are different festivals and event which is vary in different part of the country. Rites and rituals have great place in the Ghanaian culture most of them celebrates on the life events. On the birth of child, on the death, on the naming of babies are the famous events. Puberty is the big traditional festival which celebrated on the naming of child. Panafest is the festival which is widely celebrated in the Ghanaian society; many Africans celebrate this to remember their heritage. Not only the Ghanaian but also African-Americans go back Africa for celebrating the panafest. The Homowo another festival in which people get together for recalling the great famine in the Accra.
Picture of Family in Ghana.
Two decades back most the Ghanaian population was belong to rural background in which 70% of population. After the little industrialization the trend has been shaped rural to urban life style. The migration is no doubt a blessing but it creates lot of disturbance and shortage in the resources as well. Most of migrants attract for earning livelihood, most of firms, companies established in the cities. Now in the present scenario 60% of population is living in the rural areas and 40% of people in the cities.
Picture Showing Poverty-in-Ghana.
Ghana is one of the under developed country of the world, 199th ranked in the all countries of the world. It is one of those countries those facing high profile of poverty, 30% of people only 1$ a day and 55% of Ghanaian merely 2$ a day. Most part of the population not having the basic necessities of life such as food, home, and education. Around about 1.1 million of children of Ghana are orphans. One good thing about Ghana, it is making development very fast as compare with other Saharan African countries. Poverty reduction rate is too high in Ghana; in 1996 poverty rate was 51% but present scenario only 29% of poverty. Development in agriculture sector also plays a vital role to decrease the poverty rate. Corporate sector and industry also help out and paved the way for employment in the country. Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning (MOFEP) made extra ordinary effort in this regard, Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) also proved best for reduction of poverty in the country.
Photo of a hospital in Ghana presenting view of poor infrastructure.
Health directly associated with development of a country, a country of good health condition also on the peak of economic and technological progress. Ghana is an African country with poor health conditions. Poverty, bad nutrition, poor sanitation conditions are the big causes of poor health in the Africa especially in Ghana. According to the report presented by WHO Ghana making progress in the health sector rapidly, and one of the fast developing nation of the world in all sectors especially health. In 2014 life expectancy rate of male 64 and female 66 but now this expectancy rate decreasing in which male 62 and female 64. Some years back infant mortality (A disease in which infant and other babies less than five year age died) rate was 55% now decrease to 52 %, and health ministry still striving for mother and child health. In 2013 Government allocated 5.2 % of GDP which is in per capita 106 $, now 6.1 which is touching height. Ghana making development in health sector now the death rate of the women in pregnancy and child-birth reducing, which was much high in the past. Ambulances, surgical equipment’s, hospitals going up grade day by day. Reformation in the education and training is the most important factor, in this government must be serious.
Beautiful dining table which appetizing ,,, Yummy.
Food always is the big indicator of culture in every society, food not only present culture of specific society but also tell about the taste, climate, and other characteristics of particular society. Ghanaian’s preferred always stable food or routine food like cassava and plantain. Cassava is the shrub used as food mostly in the third world; Ghanaian used that shrub for their routine diet. Second major stable food is plantain; a dish which is cocked by the little banana’s and has been eaten largely throughout the country. Food vary time to time, event to even, and region to region. Main ingredients of Ghanaian food are rice, chicken, fish, cassava, plantain, beans, maize, and banana.
Versatile Image Of What is Economics.
“Economic is a social science which is help to define and determine the production, distribution, and consumption of the products and services” there are many economic indicator like GDP, per capita income, inflation, industry, trade rate and unemployment. Ghana is the 13 rank in economy in all Africa.
There are many economic indicators which is directly associated with development in other words these are the factors which are effect the development rate.
In simple words GDP refers to the all finished goods and services produced by a single country in certain time limit mostly one year.
Agriculture is the major part to develop GDP of the country it is the 49.6%, Second key player to develop the GDP is services and it help 28.6%, unfortunately Ghana is not an industrial country it remained poor. Current GDP of Ghana is 88.5 $, the annually growth rate 5.5%.
People from different professions sitting at one place to get daily wages.
The people often used to say that” Ghana is industry less country” that statement is true to most extent because very rare industry in the country. Due to lack of industry the job rate is very less and need rate is too high these conditions paved the way for unemployment. The current scenario of unemployment is quite better the 2 years before, now the rate of unemployment is 5.20%. Very little part of population share with the jobs whereas a great part of population remained jobless in the country.
According to IMF Inflation Rate of Ghana.
The term inflation used to represent the sustained and increased rate in the prices of goods and services in the country or an economy. Inflation directly link with the domestic industry, the country’s industry is like salt in flour, these condition most favorable for the external country to come and stuck its yaws in the market. It has to import goods from other countries then duty on import goods and other taxation made them too high from the access of the public. The present picture shows 16.60% of inflation, averaged rate is 17.11 with little ups and down.
Import and Export
Import and export two strategies to enhance the business, but the export is more time better in favor of nation’s interests. Import also a big tool to reach and complete our domestic needs which we can’t fulfill domestically. Some countries are good in natural crude resources and others are best in manufacturing with technological industry, so both dependent on each other.
Unfortunately there is no industry, Ghana 70% depend on external industry and import lot of goods which is not accessible domestically. Importing of cars is the major part of overall import of the country Ghana import 5.5 % of cars from the western countries and china. Ghana blessed with natural oil but not having industry to refine so it have to import which is 3.5 %, and delivery trucks rate is 4.5%, and rice is 2.2%. Ghana’s major importing trade with china, United States, Belgium, United Kingdom, and Netherlands.
Ghana is an agricultural country and blessed with lot of natural resources like gold, crude petroleum, cocoa beans, cocoa paste, manganese Ore. Gold is the big source of total revenue of Ghana 44% of total export. Crude petroleum is second largest exporting commodity which is export to the U.S.A and other western countries, 18% of total export is oil. In other key export the cocoa beans 15%, cocoa paste 2.3%, and manganese Ore 1.3%.
These and many other indicators are the key players to boast up the ratio of socio-economic development. But the two thing is most important to measure development first one is social life and second one is economic life include the micro-economic and macro-economic. When we talk about Ghana we have to improve multi-dimensions of social and economic life. First we have to utilize our own resources by initiating little industry, and mostly consume domestic products to stop the inflation rate. We need to import technological machinery rather than cars. We need to provide technical education rather than basic education. Heath is wealth; we have to pay attention to make sure health available to everyone. In the first phase we have to plan and develop strategy and in the second part we have implement this plan accordingly with sincerity.
Copyright © 2019 Ghanalive.TV. All Rights Reserved.