Ghana remained under the control of colonial powers from 15th century onward. Ghana won the status of an independent state in 1957 under the auspicious leadership of Nkrumah.
Convention People’s party (CPP) was founded by Nkrumah in 1949. Educated and politically motivated African youth gathered around CPP to work out a tangible solution in ousting British from the Gold Coast.
CPP demanded immediate withdrawal of British from Gold Coast. Nkrumah’s categorical and simplistic style gained the attention of masses.
CPP contested and won a two-third majority in legislative assembly elections held in 1951.
Nkrumah was offered premiership or a position resembling premiership in power and authority by British.
Nkrumah vehemently accepted the offer and was released from jail to “lead from the front”.
Executive council was now completely transformed into parliamentary form of government.
Ghana finally gained independence on March 6, 1957.
Nkrumah continued to serve the nation even after independence as the first prime Minister of Ghana.
Political turmoil and social conflicts soon undermined the progress and development of Ghana.
Nkrumah was overthrown in 1966 courtesy of a coup d’état in 1966.
Nkrumah was forced to leave the scenes of Ghana. He took refuge in Guinea and died in 1972.
Economic upheavals were in mid-60’s were outcomes of political instabilities which shook the foundations of Ghana right from the onset. As many as eight governments “ascended thrones” in a span of fifteen years, since the forced exit of Nkrumah.
Cocoa and timber production were and are main products of Ghana. But lack of study and expertise of people in charge resulted in scrambled economic growth in 1980’s.
Contemporary Ghana looks very much pious as nation is cohesively bonded together as one unit. Ghana is well on its way towards sustainable development.
Political strives and ethnic clashes dominated the spheres of Ghana for more than thirty years and have left deep scars which shall heal with time.
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