Chemistry is the science of the world around us, helping us to understand the make-up of each and everything in the universe. A series of discoveries over the past few centuries have transformed our knowledge of the world and have played a dramatic role in improving our life. To celebrate the marvels of chemistry, we’ve put together a list of the Top 10 Greatest Chemists of All Time:
In 1970’s he started his work and discovered the effect of CFC’s on Ozone. Imagine had he not discovered this phenomenon, humans may never have made efforts to reduce CFC emissions, and the damage to the ozone layer may have been worse than it is now.
Pasteur unearthed the process of vaccination and the Pasteurization process which kills the microbes that could putrefy milk or other liquids, can be removed by boiling and cooling the liquid immediately.
He conducted research into colour blindness and gas laws, John Dalton’s most significant work came in the field of atomic theory as he was the first chemist to describe atoms in terms of their weight, and also the first to suggest that they cannot be created or destroyed.
Sanger was awarded his first Nobel Prize in 1958 for his work on sequencing insulin. Moreover, after 22-years his work of sequencing DNA brought him to get his 2nd Nobel Prize.
In addition of being a philosopher, political theorist and dissenting clergyman, Joseph Priestley was the first scientist to discover oxygen, earning himself a place in the Top 10 Greatest Chemists of All Time.
In the field of chemistry, Marie Curie discovered polonium and radium. Curie is also noted for being the person who introduced X-ray technology and radium into medicine. Moreover, she is to this day she is the only woman to have won 2 Nobel Prizes and in fact the 1st person to win both in multiple sciences.
Aside from exceptional linguistic skills (he mastered four foreign languages), Alfred Nobel was a highly successful chemist credited with the invention of dynamite.
Although, Rosalind Franklin passed away at a mere age of 37 still undoubtedly she is one of the greatest chemists of all time. She worked into the fine structure of coal and graphite, the structure of viruses, and contributed towards discovery of Double Helix structure of DNA.
In 1869, Dmitri Mendeleev published what is generally cited as the first periodic table. So, for the creation of one of science’s most important documents, Dmitri Mendeleev is surely the greatest chemist of all time.
Pauling was one of the founders of the fields of quantum chemistry and molecular biology. For his scientific work, Pauling was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1954. In 1962, for his peace activism, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. This makes him the only person to be awarded two unshared Nobel Prizes.
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